In 2003, the United States saw an epidemic of monkeypox that was later traced back to rodents of West Africa infected with the monkeypox virus (MPXV). Disease in the United States seemed less severe than the smallpox-like disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In this study, researchers analyzed data from Central Africa: two distinct MPXV clades were confirmed by sequencing the genomes of MPXV isolates from Western Africa, the United States, and Central Africa. By comparing open reading frames across MPXV clades, scientists can infer which virus proteins might account for the observed variation in pathogenicity in humans. Monkeypox can be prevented and controlled with a better understanding of MPXV’s molecular etiology and epidemiological and clinical features. In light of the current outbreaks worldwide, we provide updated information on monkeypox for medical professionals in this review.
© 2023 by the authors.
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Original Publication Citation
Kumar, P., Chaudhary, B., Yadav, N., Devi, S., Pareek, A., Alla, S., Kajal, F., Nowrouzi-Kia, B., Chattu, V. K., & Gupta, M. M. (2023). Recent advances in research and management of human monkeypox virus: An emerging global health threat. Viruses, 15(4), 1-22, Article 937. https://doi.org/10.3390/v15040937
Kumar, Parveen; Chaudhary, Benu; Yadav, Nishant; Devi, Sushma; Pareek, Ashutosh; Alla, Sujatha; Kajal, Fnu; Nowrouzi-Kia, Behdin; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; and Gupta, Madan Mohan, "Recent Advances in Research and Management of Human Monkeypox Virus: An Emerging Global Health Threat" (2023). Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications. 149.