Proceedings of the 6th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium
6th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, June 19-21, 2001, Annapolis, MD
Systems of different command centers that are brought together in a coalition operation must have some level of interoperability in order to work together. Bares  has introduced a formalism of three interoperability domains that describe the ability of the systems to define their own level of interoperability within the coalition by assessing their own and the other systems’ ability to interact on actions of the coalition. The lowest domain, interconnectivity, reflects the ability to exchange messages; this level must already have been achieved in order for the systems to participate in the coalition. The second domain, interoperability, reflects a system’s ability to identify what tasks it is able to interoperate on. The third level, intercooperability, indicates that all systems have the ability to evaluate all other systems in the coalition. By describing the interoperability domains in this manner, the domains represent increasing levels of awareness of each system’s own capabilities and those of the other systems; it represents the transition from exchanging data to exchanging knowledge. This research looks particularly at the interoperability level and the ability of systems to evaluate their own interoperability on the coalition’s actions by using Bares’ formalism of interoperability to assign actions to systems participating in the coalition.
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Original Publication Citation
Handley, H. A. H., Levis, A. H., & Bares, M. (2001). Levels of interoperability in coalition systems. In Proceedings of the 6th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (pp. 1-15). International Command and Control Institute. https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/ADA467953.pdf
Handley, Holly A. H.; Levis, Alexander H.; and Bares, Michel, "Levels of Interoperability in Coalition Systems" (2001). Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications. 165.