44 (15 pp.)
A critical challenge for managerial effectiveness and competitive advantage in research and development (R and D) organizations is developing an appropriate structural configuration. However, in finding an appropriate structural configuration, R and D managers are faced with unprecedented levels of uncertainty, ambiguity, and accelerating complexity, coupled with demands for increased productivity. This paper develops a systems-based framework to support rigorous design, analysis, and transformation of the structure for R and D organizations. The framework development includes: (1) a review of the literature for the nature and role of the structure in R and D management; (2) setting of the R and D structure problem from a systems perspective; (3) establishing a systems view of R and D structure; (4) articulation of a systems-based framework for R and D structure drawing on management cybernetics and systems theory; and (5) an application of the framework to design the structure for a multidisciplinary R and D center. The paper concludes with implications and utility of the framework for practicing R and D managers challenged with structuring an R and D organization.
Original Publication Citation
Katina, P. F., Keating, C. B., & Magpili, L. M. (2017). A systems-based framework for design and analysis of an R and D structure. Systems, 5(3), 44. doi:10.3390/systems5030044
Katina, Polinpapilinho F.; Keating, Charles B.; and Magpili, Luna M., "A Systems-Based Framework for Design and Analysis of an R and D Structure" (2017). Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications. 17.