Procedia Computer Science
2013 Complex Adaptive Systems Conference, CAS 2013; Baltimore, MD; United States; 13 November 2013 through 15 November 2013
Systems of Systems (SOS) meet vital needs in our society by providing capabilities that are not possible by their discrete components or subsystems. Some SOS are engineered to produce predictable results, yet they can still display emergent behavior. These behaviors are often considered negative because they are not a function of the design. However, emergent behavior can also be serendipitous and produce unexpected positive results. The authors formalize a theory of emergence based on entropy. The theory has explanatory value for emergence as an ontological and phenomenological concept in systems of systems. © 2013 The Authors.
Original Publication Citation
Johnson IV, J. J., Tolk, A., & Sousa-Poza, A. (2013). A theory of emergence and entropy in systems of systems. Procedia Computer Science, 20, 283-289. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2013.09.274
Johnson, John J. IV; Tolk, Andreas; and Sousa-Poza, Andres, "A Theory of Emergence and Entropy in Systems of Systems" (2013). Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications. 23.