Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Title

Selected Papers Presented at MODSIM World 2009 Conference and Expo



Conference Name

MODSIM World 2009 Conference and Expo, October 14-16, 2009, Virginia Beach, VA


The NATO Human View is a system architectural viewpoint that focuses on the human as part of a system. Its purpose is to capture the human requirements and to inform on how the human impacts the system design. The viewpoint contains seven static models that include different aspects of the human element, such as roles, tasks, constraints, training and metrics. It also includes a Human Dynamics component to perform simulations of the human system under design. One of the static models, termed Human Networks, focuses on the human-to-human communication patterns that occur as a result of ad hoc or deliberate team formation, especially teams distributed across space and time. Parameters of human teams that effect system performance can be captured in this model. Human centered aspects of networks, such as differences in operational tempo (sense of urgency), priorities (common goal), and team history (knowledge of the other team members), can be incorporated. The information captured in the Human Network static model can then be included in the Human Dynamics component so that the impact of distributed teams is represented in the simulation. As the NATO militaries transform to a more networked force, the Human View architecture is an important tool that can be used to make recommendations on the proper mix of technological innovations and human interactions.


NOTE: Also NASA Technical Report NASA/CP-2010-216205. Available at:

Original Publication Citation

Handley, H. A. H., & Houston, N. P. (2010). NATO human view architecture and human networks. Selected Papers Presented at MODSIM World 2009 Conference and Expo, October 14-16, Virginia Beach, VA., pp. 181-186.