Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
This dissertation provides empirical evidences on media-based investor emotions in predicting stock return, conditional volatility, and stock and bond return comovements.
We first studied the interaction between US media content and the US stock market returns and volatility. We utilize propriety investor sentiment measures developed by Thompson Reuters MarketPsych. We select four measures of investor sentiment that reflect both pessimism and optimism of small investors. Our objective is two-fold. First, we examine the ability of these sentiment measures to predict market returns. For this purpose, we use dynamic Vector Auto-Regressive models. Second, we are interested in exploring the effects of these sentiment measures on the market returns and volatility. For this purpose, we utilize a Threshold-GARCH model.
Next, we investigated the effect of investor emotions (fear, gloom, joy and optimism) in financial futures markets by using Thompson Reuters MarketPsych Indices. The purpose of this study is three fold. First, we investigate the extent of usefulness of informational content of our sentiment measures in predicting stock futures and treasures futures returns using daily data for different measures of emotional sentiments. Second, we investigate whether emotion sentiments affect financial futures returns and volatilities. Third, we explore the role of emotion sentiment factors in volatility transmission in financial futures markets. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that extensively explores the role of investors’ sentiment in the most liquid contracts (S&P 500 futures and 10-year Treasury notes) in futures markets.
"Two Essays on Investor Emotions and Their Effects in Financial Markets"
(2016). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), dissertation, Finance, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/fxm0-0y74