Date of Award

Summer 2010

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


International Studies

Committee Director

David Earnest

Committee Member

Francis Adams

Committee Member

Regina Karp


In July 2001, at the 37th of the former Organization of African Unity, African heads of states launched the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), a combination of the Omega Plan from Abdoulaye Wade and The Millennium African Renaissance Partnership initiated by Thabo Mbeki, respectively presidents of Senegal and South Africa. This was an achievement of tasks given by their peers in Algiers in 1999. Previously to that, the Clinton administration initiated the African Growth and Opportunity Act passed in law in 1998. Though the two programs aim at African development, they did not take in account each other.

This analysis seeks for common patterns and conditions of cooperation between the two to enhance African development. It is underlined by an analysis of previous strategies set to help Africa develop and the difference that makes the NEPAD a promising initiative. It also looks at the AGOA strengths and weaknesses and the purposes for which it was initiated. Though they have to lead Africa on the track of development, they did not work together due to differences in speed and characteristics of people in charge in Africa and in the United States. The study shows also that some important pieces are left aside despite their mention in the programs' frameworks and administration structures. These pieces are gender approach and the inclusion of the African diaspora in these programs. The work takes in account the latter much important to the topic. However, there are still ways for these programs to cooperate if some conditions to overcome obstacles such as corruption, instability, bad governance, and lack of transparency are met. These conditions are the object of some suggestions made in this paper.