The Graduate School
Global Environmental Health
Introduction: Although developed countries are the largest contributors to climate change, its impacts continue to adversely affect low-income countries at a disproportionate rate. The purpose of this analysis is to address the environmental and health impacts of climate change in low-income countries as opposed to developed countries.
A narrative literature review was conducted using a web-based search from scientific databases. The databases utilized were: United National Library of Medicine, JSTOR, and SpringerLink. The reviewer assessed the following inclusion criteria: peer-reviewed publications from 2012 – 2022, the availability of the publication in English, and the categorization as original research, reviews, meta-analyses or systematic reviews.The following search terms were used: “climate change, climate justice, health disparities, agriculture, and low income.”
Results: This review found that climate change contributes immensely to the prevalence of infectious diseases, malnutrition, and morbidity and mortality. Additionally, these countries also face environmental calamities such as weather variability, droughts, and floods which are impacting agriculture.
Discussion: Though the effects of climate change can be seen worldwide, it’s vital to address its impact on vulnerable countries which do not have adequate resources to combat the health and agricultural repercussions. To ease the burden of climate change in low-income countries, policies addressing climate, energy, and health should be adopted globally.
Climate change, Climate justice, Health disparities, Agriculture, Low income
Environmental Public Health | International Public Health
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Serwaa, Julia, "The Intersection Between Climate Change and Human Inequality: A Narrative Review" (2022). College of Health Sciences Posters. 6.