"Deutschlands Einzige Kolonie ist das Meer!" Die Deutsche Hochseefischerei und die Fischereikonflikte des 20. Jahrhunderts
In the 20th century, the seas off Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland were the main areas of the German deep-sea fishing fleet for many decades. The fishers and fishing vessels were often only a few nautical miles away from the coasts of the North Atlantic Islands, which was increasingly a source of conflict.
On the one hand, the good catches in the North Atlantic created the economic boom of the fishing towns on the German coast. On the other hand, the islands separated from their former European colonial motherland and developed their own interest - not only political but also economic On the sovereignty over the resource fish. The principle of "freedom of the seas" had reached its limits, and fishing conflicts between the European nations and the shores of the fishing areas arose. In the 1970s, they culminated in the so-called "Cod-war" with Iceland.
The present study analyzes the German role in these conflicts for the first time on a scientific basis and shows the consequences of the conflicts for the German coastal regions. At the same time, she explained that the drastic reduction of the German deep-sea fishing fleet had not been an unpredictable development since the 1980s, but that its rapid growth almost a century earlier was based exclusively on the colonial status of the shore areas. [From www.dsm.museum]
Cod War, Fisheries, Germany
Economic History | European History
Heidbrink, Ingo, ""Deutschlands Einzige Kolonie ist das Meer!" Die Deutsche Hochseefischerei und die Fischereikonflikte des 20. Jahrhunderts" (2004). History Faculty Books. 27.