Date of Award

Spring 1977

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

Thomas T. Hamilton

Committee Member

Willard C. Frank

Committee Member

Jerome B. Weiner

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47F63


This thesis views the efforts of American oil interests to participate in the exploitation of Middle East oil resources in the 192Os as a point of departure in United States foreign policy. In its opposition to official involvement in the affairs of private business, the United States Government insisted that American oil companies negotiate directly with the British Government­ dominated companies which controlled the Near and Middle East. By placing the execution of its international oil policy under the control of private industry, the United States Government surrendered its capacity to conduct diplomacy with regard to a vital strategic resource. The thesis further suggests that this abdication of diplomatic initiative has become a significant factor in the oil crises of recent times.


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