Date of Award

Spring 1979

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

John W. Kuehl

Committee Member

Peter Stewart

Committee Member

Joseph M. Tyrell

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47 H63


This essay seeks to discover to what extent Episcopalians were a part of liberalism's attempt to answer the questions to doctrine presented by science, biblical criticism and the complexities of modern life. Brooks, a popular preacher; Alexander V. G. Allen, an acclaimed historian and seminary teacher", and William S. Rainsford, an architect of the institutional church pattern of social service are discussed as representative figures of those different ministries. These men found answers to the challenges of the late nineteenth century within traditional orthodoxy by interpreting old doctrines by the light of modern knowledge. Because of this they have been called Evangelical or Christocentric liberals. They were successful in changing the position of their own communion toward the ideas of science and criticism and in making it more responsive to the needs of the downtrodden at the end of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth.


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