Date of Award

Spring 1977

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

Ralph F. deBedts

Committee Member

Carl Boyd

Committee Member

Thomas W. Burkman

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47 H443


This thesis is an examination of the role of American policy makers in the transformation of Japan from a defeated, disarmed enemy to a Cold War ally on the path to rearmament during the Allied Occupation (1945-1952). The original Occupation goals of disarmament and demilitarization for Japan were embodied in Article IX of the American-sponsored Japanese Constitution of 1947. These goals were unilaterally discarded. 'by American policy makers as the Cold War developed and U,S. security policy in Asia dictated that Japan be rehabilitated as an ally. Douglas MacArthur presided over the Occupation of Japan almost in its entirety, and he is the principal policy maker examined in this thesis. George Kennan, whose recommendations led to the "reverse course" of 1947-48, is also evaluated, along with Dean Acheson and John Foster Dulles.


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