Date of Award

Spring 1975

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

Harold Wilson

Committee Member

Thomas T. Hamilton

Committee Member

D. Alan Harris

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47P47


The subject of this paper is the development of govern­mental policies toward the freedmen especially labor policies and the establishment of schools and relief programs for the freedmen in the tidewater area of Virginia during the Civil War. The first extensive school system for the freedmen was launched in this area, and it was in this area in November, 1863 that General Benjamin F. Butler created a central authority for the administration of Freedmen's Affairs. Government farms were also established in the area for those freedmen needing care and guidance while those deemed capable of managing their own plots were leased land. The role of General Butler in the development of governmental policies in the area is emphasized for it is the contention of this paper that he was the leading figure in the drama was played here during the war.


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