Date of Award

Spring 2001

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

John W. Kuehl

Committee Member

Lorraine M. Lees

Committee Member

Auston Jersild

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47 B435 2001


Although the story of how Confederates attempted to spur rebellion in the North during the Civil War has been the subject of historical research, virtually nothing has been published about the work of Northern operatives in Canada during the period 1861-1866. Extensive research in the Library of Congress, the National Archives, and the Royal Canadian Archives and Library demonstrates that a team of U.S. Consuls and detectives led by David 8. Thurston thwarted Confederate efforts to launch those insurrections. The Southern strategy was to create so much havoc that the Union would negotiate a peace that would preserve the Confederacy. However, the near perfect intelligence work of Thurston and his colleagues made it impossible for the South to accomplish its objectives. Moreover, Thurston and his associates played a role in helping to keep the United Kingdom neutral in the American Civil War until the South had lost the struggle.


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