Date of Award

Summer 1979

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

Ralph de Bedte

Committee Member

Willard C. Frank

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H47 B76


This thesis is an examination and explanation of United States relations with Chile from 1958-1978. The policy of U.S. opposition to the Chilean left, especially during the government of Marxist Salvador Allende from 1970-1973, and support of anti-Marxist forces in Chile, which included a repressive military dictatorship established by a coup in 1973, reflect the overall themes of anti-Marxism and protection of American economic interests inherent in U.S. global and inter-American policy since the Second World War. The major sources of information for this study are reports from investigations and hearings conducted by the United States Congress, especially Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973, and United States and Chile during the Allende Years. The evidence reveals the United States began covert intervention in Chile in 1961 soon after Chile became the "showcase" for the Alliance for Progress. The United States, from 1961-1976, allied itself with forces hostile to Chilean Marxist political parties, and significantly contributed to the overthrow of the Allende government in 1973. The United States continued to support the subsequent right-wing military government of Chile until 1977, when President Carter curtailed all U.S. economic aid to Chile, and criticized the Chilean Junta for systematic violations of human rights.


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