Natural ice was an important maritime cargo throughout the 19th and 20th century with Norway being the largest European ice exporting nation in Europe. This trade was mainly operated with small to medium size wooden sailing vessels and often secured long time survival of these craft. Although it is not known if any of today's historic sailing ships operating in European waters, has ever actually transported natural ice, this trade among others contributed to the survival of the fleet. While today ice is mainly considered as an obstacle for the operation of historic watercraft, it was actually one of the transported goods that secured the economic survival of these ships.
Original Publication Citation
HeidbrinIk, I. (2021, June). Eis ein vergessenes Ladungsgut. Greifswalder Hafenbote, Nr. 31, 10-12.
Heidbrink, Ingo, "Eis ein vergessenes Ladungsgut" (2021). History Faculty Publications. 48.