Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Sports success is dependent primarily on genetic endowment in athletes with morphologic, psychologic, physiologic and metabolic traits specific to performance characteristics vital to their sport. Such genetically-endowed athletes must also receive optimal training to increase physical power, enhance mental strength, and provide a mechanical advantage. However, athletes often attempt to go beyond training and use substances and techniques, often referred to as ergogenics, in attempts to gain a competitive advantage. Pharmacological agents, such as anabolic steroids and amphetamines, have been used in the past, but such practices by athletes have led to the establishment of anti-doping legislation and effective testing protocols to help deter their use. Thus, many athletes have turned to various dietary strategies, including the use of various dietary supplements (sports supplements), which they presume to be effective, safe and legal.
Original Publication Citation
Williams, M. H. 2004. Dietary supplements and sports performance: Introduction and vitamins. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 1(2):1-6. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-1-2-1
Williams, Melvin H., "Dietary Supplements and Sports Performance: Introduction and Vitamins" (2004). Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications. 1.