Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Clinical Scenario: There is a high incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in adolescents participating in pivoting sports such as soccer, basketball, and handball. Most ACL injuries in athletes are noncontact injuries, with a mechanism of sudden deceleration, change in direction, or landing from a jump. These mechanisms coupled with an increase in contraction of the quadriceps have been shown as risk factors for ACL injuries. Injuries to the ACL may require surgery, a long rehabilitation, and the potential for reinjury. Studies have shown reductions in lower extremity injury rates using training protocols that focus on landing mechanics, balance training, strength training, and/or agility training. There has been some thought that starting preventive training programs with adolescent athletes may be the most effective approach to reducing adolescent ACL injuries. Focused Clinical Question: Can lower extremity injury-prevention programs effectively reduce ACL injury rates in adolescent athletes?
Original Publication Citation
Paszkewicz, J., Webb, T., Waters, B., McCarty, C. W., & Van Lunen, B. (2012). The effectiveness of injury-prevention programs in reducing the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament sprains in adolescent athletes. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 21(4), 371-377. doi:10.1123/jsr.21.4.371
0000-0002-8145-7736 (McCarty), 0000-0002-6754-7938 (Van Lunen)
Paszkewicz, Jeffrey; Webb, Tristen; Waters, Brian; McCarty, Cailee Welch; and Lunen, Bonnie Van, "The Effectiveness of Injury-Prevention Programs in Reducing the Incidence of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Sprains in Adolescent Athletes" (2012). Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications. 61.