Physically active students are more likely to be fit and learn better in school than sedentary ones. For school-aged children, it is unclear whether physical fitness level is an important determinant for student's activity afterschool. This study examined the association between health-related physical fitness test performance and afterschool physical activity during weekdays. Participants (n = 97, 11-13 years old) completed health-related fitness tests. They wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers for five consecutive days, recording physical activity participation during after school hours. Descriptive statistics for both afterschool physical activity and health-related fitness were summarized. Regression analyses were conducted to determine the association between variables. Participants spent most of their afterschool hours participating in sedentary behaviors (274.27 ± 66.89 min) and light physical activity (73.68 ± 51.66 min), and only 11.35 ± 16.92 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), accumulating approximately 2058.52 ± 1690.56 steps each day afterschool. The regression model explained 22.8% of the variance in afterschool MVPA, and Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) scores were the only statistically significant predictor (beta = 0.47, p < 0.01). Fit students do tend to exercise more after school. Promoting physical fitness in school is an important factor for students' afterschool physical activity participation during weekdays.
Original Publication Citation
Yang, D. H., Zhu, X., Haegele, J. A., Wilson, P. B. P., & Wu, X. (2019). The association between health-related fitness and physical activity during weekdays: Do fit students exercise more after school? Sustainability, 11(15), 4127. doi:10.3390/su11154127
0000-0002-8580-4782 (Haegele), 0000-0003-4052-5023 (Wilson)
Yang, Dehong; Zhu, Xihe; Haegele, Justin A.; Wilson, Patrick B.; and Wu, Xueping, "The Association Between Health-Related Fitness and Physical Activity During Weekdays: Do Fit Students Exercise More After School?" (2019). Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications. 95.