Date of Award

Spring 1991

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Director

Marian Pauson

Committee Member

Lewis Ford

Committee Member

Lawrence Hatab

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.H85 D43


The thesis examines the image of Sophia, divine feminine wisdom, from the point of view of -archetypal psychology. The paper describes the emergence of Sophia in the Old Testament against the background of the development of monotheism in Judaism. Modern scholarship defines Sophia in religious terms, thus restricting her meaning to the limits imposed by the Judaeo-Christian concept of God. When the "problem" of Sophia is removed from the language of theology, however, and re-examined from the perspective of archetypal psychology, new meanings emerge. The position taken is that Sophia is an archetypal image which personifies the capacity of reflection to become aware of itself. The thesis proposes that Sophia symbolizes the mystery of knowing and that she may signify man·s--and God's--relation to the unknown.


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