Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Title

Proceedings of Innovate Learning Summit 2021



Conference Name

Innovate Learning Summit 2021, November 09, 2021, Online, United States


Quantum computing is an emerging technology paradigm of computing and has the potential to solve computational problems intractable using today’s classical computers or digital technology. Quantum computing is expected to be disruptive for many industries. The power of quantum computing technologies is based on the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, such as quantum superposition, quantum entanglement, or the no-cloning theorem. To build a highly trained and skilled quantum workforce that meets future industry needs, there is a need to introduce quantum concepts early on in K-12 schools since the learning of quantum is a lengthy process. As fundamental quantum concepts derive from physics, students usually start to learn physics in secondary schools. Since the resources and curriculum design for quantum education in K-12 level is rare, we conducted a literature review with a focus on quantum computing education in K-12 level and filled the research gap.


Copyright by AACE. Reprinted from and with permission of AACE (


0000-0002-4256-8476 (He, Yuming)

Original Publication Citation

He, Y., Zha, S. & He, W. (2021). A literature review of quantum education in K-12 level. In T. Bastiaens (Ed.), Proceedings of Innovate Learning Summit 2021 (pp. 418-422). Online, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.