Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title







2077 (1-21)


Electroosmotic flow (EOF) is of utmost significance due to its numerous practical uses in controlling flow at micro/nanoscales. In the present study, the time-periodic EOF of a viscoelastic fluid is statistically analyzed using a short 10:1 constriction microfluidic channel joining two reservoirs on either side. The flow is modeled using the Oldroyd-B (OB) model and the Poisson-Boltzmann model. The EOF of a highly concentrated polyacrylamide (PAA) aqueous solution is investigated under the combined effects of an alternating current (AC) electric field and a direct current (DC) electric field. Power-law degradation is visible in the energy spectra of the velocity fluctuations over a wide frequency range, pointing to the presence of elastic instabilities in the EOF. The energy-spectra curves of the velocity fluctuations under a DC electric field exhibit peaks primarily beneath 20 Hz, with the greatest peak being observed close to 6 Hz. When under both DC and AC electric fields, the energy spectra of the velocity fluctuations exhibit a peak at the same frequency as the AC electric field, and the highest peak is obtained when the frequency of the AC electric field is near 6 Hz. Additionally, the frequency of the AC electric field affects how quickly the viscoelastic EOF flows. Higher flow rates are obtained at relatively low frequencies compared to under the DC electric field, and the greatest flow rate is found close to 6 Hz. But as the frequency rises further, the flow rate falls. The flow rate falls to a level below the DC electric field when the frequency is sufficiently high.


© 2023 by the authors.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License.

Data Availability

Article states: "Data is unavailable due to privacy."

Original Publication Citation

Ji, J., Qian, S., Parker, A. M., & Zhang, X. (2023). Numerical study of the time-periodic electroosmotic flow of viscoelastic fluid through a short constriction microchannel. Micromachines, 14(11), 1-21, Article 2077.


0000-0002-6764-9774 (Ji), 0000-0001-7738-8398 (Zhang)