Physics of Fluids
Governing equations including the effects of pressure relaxation have been utilized to study an incompressible, steady-state viscous axial vortex with specified far-field circulation. When sound generation is attributed to a velocity gradient tensor-pressure gradient product, the modified conservation of momentum equations that result yield an exact solution for a steady, incompressible axial vortex. The vortex velocity profile has been shown to closely approximate experimental vortex measurements in air and water over a wide range of circulation-based Reynolds numbers. The influence of temperature and humidity on the pressure relaxation coefficient in air has been examined using theoretical and empirical approaches, and published axial vortex experiments have been employed to estimate the pressure relaxation coefficient in water. Non-equilibrium pressure gradient forces have been shown to balance the viscous stresses in the vortex core region, and the predicted pressure deficits that result from this non-equilibrium balance can be substantially larger than the pressure deficits predicted using a Bernoulli equation approach. Previously reported pressure deficit distributions for dust devils and tornados have been employed to validate the non-equilibrium pressure deficit predictions. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.
Original Publication Citation
Ash, R. L., Zardadkhan, I., & Zuckerwar, A. J. (2011). The influence of pressure relaxation on the structure of an axial vortex. Physics of Fluids, 23(7), 073101. doi:10.1063/1.3609270
Ash, Robert L.; Zardadkhan, Irfan; and Zuckerwar, Allan J., "The Influence of Pressure Relaxation on the Structure of an Axial Vortex" (2011). Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications. 18.