CsK2Sb photocathodes with quantum efficiency on the order of 10% at 532 nm, and lifetime greater than 90 days at low voltage, were successfully manufactured via co-deposition of alkali species emanating from an effusion source. Photocathodes were characterized as a function of antimony layer thickness and alkali consumption, inside a vacuum chamber that was initially baked, but frequently vented without re-baking. Photocathode lifetime measured at low voltage is correlated with the antimony layer thickness. Photocathodes manufactured with comparatively thick antimony layers exhibited the best lifetime. We speculate that the antimony layer serves as a reservoir, or sponge, for the alkali.
Original Publication Citation
Mamun, M. A., Hernandez-Garcia, C., Poelker, M., & Elmustafa, A. A. (2015). Correlation of CsK2Sb photocathode lifetime with antimony thickness. APL Materials, 3(6), 1-7. doi: 10.1063/1.4922319
Mamun, M. A.; Hernandez-Garcia, C.; Poelker, M.; and Elmustafa, A. A., "Correlation of CsK2Sb Photocathode Lifetime With Antimony Thickness" (2015). Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications. 7.