Journal of Radiation Research
Early space radiation shield code development relied on Monte Carlo methods and made important contributions to the space program. Monte Carlo methods have resorted to restricted one-dimensional problems leading to imperfect representation of appropriate boundary conditions. Even so, intensive computational requirements resulted and shield evaluation was made near the end of the design process. Resolving shielding issues usually had a negative impact on the design. Improved spacecraft shield design requires early entry of radiation constraints into the design process to maximize performance and minimize costs. As a result, we have been investigating high-speed computational procedures to allow shield analysis from the preliminary concept to the final design. For the last few decades, we have pursued deterministic solutions of the Boltzmann equation allowing field mapping within the International Space Station (ISS) in tens of minutes using standard Finite Element Method (FEM) geometry common to engineering design methods. A single ray trace in such geometry requires 14 milliseconds and limits application of Monte Carlo methods to such engineering models. A potential means of improving the Monte Carlo efficiency in coupling to spacecraft geometry is given.
Original Publication Citation
Wilson, J. W., Tripathi, R. K., Qualls, G. D., Cucinotta, F. A., Prael, R. E., Norbury, J. W., . . . De Angelis, G. (2002). Advances in space radiation shielding codes. Journal of Radiation Research, 43, S87-S91. doi:10.1269/jrr.43.S87
Wilson, John W.; Tripathi, Ram K.; Qualls, Garry D.; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Prael, Richard E.; Norbury, John W.; Heinbockel, John H.; Tweed, John; and De Angelis, Giovanni, "Advances in Space Radiation Shielding Codes" (2002). Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications. 105.