Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Physical Review E






046704 (19 pages)


We study the effects of the rotational-translational energy exchange on the compressible decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence (DHIT) in three dimensions through direct numerical simulations. We use the gas-kinetic scheme coupled with multitemperature nonequilibrium based on the Jeans-Landau-Teller model. We investigate the effects of the relaxation time of rotational temperature, ZR, and the initial ratio of the rotational and translational temperatures, TR0 / TL0, on the dynamics of various turbulence statistics including the kinetic energy K (t), the dissipation rate ε (t), the energy spectrum E (k,t), the root mean square of the velocity divergence θ′ (t), the skewness Su (t) and the flatness Fu (t) of the velocity derivatives, and the probability distribution functions of the local Mach number Ma and the shocklet strength χ. The larger the ZR is, the faster the compressibility decays after an initial time. Similarly, with a fixed TL0, the higher the initial energy ratio TR0 / TL0, the weaker is the compressibility in the flow. It is also observed that the effect of TR0 / TL0 is strong in all times in the decay, while the effect of ZR is severe only in the later times passing through the stage with strong nonlinearity. We also observe that the multitemperature model does not affect the self-similarities obeyed by the probability distribution functions of Ma and χ, which appear to be a robust feature of the compressible DHIT. © 2010 The American Physical Society.

Original Publication Citation

Liao, W., Peng, Y., & Luo, L. S. (2010). Effects of multitemperature nonequilibrium on compressible homogeneous turbulence. Physical Review E, 81(4), 046704. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.81.046704