The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
This paper intends to explore the rationality and feasibility of modeling dispersed submicron particles in air by a kinetic-based method called the unified gas-kinetic scheme (UGKS) and apply it to the simulation of particle concentration under a transverse standing wave. A gas-particle coupling scheme is proposed where the gas phase is modeled by the two-dimensional linearized Euler equations (LEE) and, through the analogous behavior between the rarefied gas molecules and the air-suspended particles, a modified UGKS is adopted to estimate the particle dynamics. The Stokes' drag force and the acoustic radiation force applied on particles are accounted for by introducing a velocity-dependent acceleration term in the UGKS formulation. To validate this methodology, the computed concentration patterns are compared with experimental results in the literature. The comparison shows that the adopted LEE-UGKS coupling scheme could well capture the concentration pattern of suspended submicron particles in a channel. In addition, numerical simulations with varying standing wave amplitudes, different acoustic radiation force to drag force ratios, and mean flow velocities are conducted. Their respective influences on the particle concentration pattern and efficiency are analyzed.
Original Publication Citation
Jizhou, L., Xiaodong, L., & Hu, F. Q. (2020). Numerical modeling of submicron particles for acoustic concentration in gaseous flow. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 147(1), 152-160. doi:10.1121/10.0000568
Liu, Jizhou; Li, Xiaodong; and Hu, Fang Q., "Numerical Modeling of Submicron Particles for Acoustic Concentration in Gaseous Flow" (2020). Mathematics & Statistics Faculty Publications. 168.