Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Modeling Simul & Visual Engineering
Frederic D. McKenzie
Robert E. Kelly, Jr.
With continuous advancements and adoption of minimally invasive surgery, proficiency with nontrivial surgical skills involved is becoming a greater concern. Consequently, the use of surgical simulation has been increasingly embraced by many for training and skill transfer purposes. Some systems utilize haptic feedback within a high-fidelity anatomically-correct virtual environment whereas others use manikins, synthetic components, or box trainers to mimic primary components of a corresponding procedure.
Surgical simulation development for some minimally invasive procedures is still, however, suboptimal or otherwise embryonic. This is true for the Nuss procedure, which is a minimally invasive surgery for correcting pectus excavatum (PE) – a congenital chest wall deformity. This work aims to address this gap by exploring the challenges of developing both a purely virtual and a purely physical simulation platform of the Nuss procedure and their implications in a training context. This work then describes the development of a hybrid mixed-reality system that integrates virtual and physical constituents as well as an augmentation of the haptic interface, to carry out a reproduction of the primary steps of the Nuss procedure and satisfy clinically relevant prerequisites for its training platform.
Furthermore, this work carries out a user study to investigate the system’s face, content, and construct validity to establish its faithfulness as a training platform.
Obeid, Mohammad F..
"Development and Validation of a Hybrid Virtual/Physical Nuss Procedure Surgical Trainer"
(2017). Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Dissertation, Modeling Simul & Visual Engineering, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/5nd5-v736