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Interoperability across Modeling and Simulation (M&S) and Command and Control (C2) systems continues to be a significant problem for today's warfighters. M&S is well-established in military training, but it can be a valuable asset for planning and mission rehearsal if M&S and C2 systems were able to exchange information, plans, and orders more effectively. To better support the warfighter with M&S based capabilities, an open standards-based framework is needed that establishes operational and technical coherence between C2 and M&S systems.


This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States Code, Section 105, may not be copyrighted.

Original Publication Citation

Galvin, K., Hieb, M., Tolk, A., Turnitsa, C., Blais, C., & Montgomery, J. (2006). Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) Study Group Final Report. Retrieved from


0000-0002-4201-8757 (Tolk, Andreas), 0000-0001-5567-7594 (Turnitsa, Charles)