Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Title

Fall Simulation Interoperability Workshop 2009: 2009 Fall SIW: Orlando, Florida, USA, 21-25 September 2009




Semantic mismatch between systems is due, in part, to the grouping together of terms who have defined meaning in different levels of granularity, and which are composed together into different groupings by distinct systems. It has been proposed that making use of elemental concepts (referred to here as primitives of meaning) can assist in interoperability, but seeking to define all terms at a level of granularity equal to or greater than that of all involved systems.

By decomposing a system’s groups of composed terms into primitives of meaning, the building blocks that can be reassembled into the compositions required by another group (of another system, for instance) can be made apparent. While such a de-composition could serve as the basis for an interoperability enabler, having the decomposition available as a common descriptor to highlight areas of semantic misalignment should prove in itself useful.

Taking doctrinal statements for US small unit infantry actions as one semantic system, we show how the elemental ideas that are grouped together into commands can be identified and isolated for reconstruction into other groupings. This is the first research step towards relying on primitives of meaning for interoperability.


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Original Publication Citation

Turnitsa, C., Tolk, A., & Kewley, R. (2009). Exploring Primitives of Meaning in Support of Interoperability. Paper presented at the 2009 Fall Simulation Interoperability Workshop, Orlando, FL, September 21-25, 2009.


0000-0002-4201-8757 (Tolk), 0000-0001-5567-7594 (Turnitsa)