Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology
Background: Uptake in lung cancer screening for high-risk patients remains low. Eligible patients may not know that this preventive service is available and covered by insurance.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore using social media to educate patients about lung cancer screening and assess motivation to discuss lung cancer screening with health-care providers after viewing the educational program. Methods: Subjects ages 55 to 77 who were current smokers or former smokers who quit in the past 15 years with a more than 30-pack-year smoking history were recruited via a Facebook advertisement. Subjects completed a demographic survey and the Lung Cancer Screening-12 (LCS-12) knowledge measure tool, watched a YouTube video about lung cancer screening, and completed the LCS-12 tool (post-test). Subjects rated their level of motivation to discuss lung cancer screening with their health-care provider.
Results: This study used a pre-experimental, one-group pre-test and post-test design. Scores from the pre- and post-test were analyzed using the paired t-test. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze subject self-reporting of motivation to discuss screening with their provider. The mean knowledge score of participants (n = 31) significantly increased from 5.26 to 8.19 after viewing the video (t = -5.956, p < .001). The mean motivational level (1-5) was 3.52, with a mode of 5.
Conclusions: A lack of knowledge regarding lung cancer screening may negatively impact the health of high-risk patients. This study suggests that social media can be used to increase knowledge of lung cancer screening. These findings demonstrate that the use of social media has a role in improving access to health information.
Original Publication Citation
Strong, A., & Renaud, M. (2020). Using social media as a platform for increasing knowledge of lung cancer screening in high-risk patients. Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology, 11(5), 453-459. https://doi.org/10.6004/jadpro.2020.11.5.2
Strong, Aimee and Renaud, Michelle, "Using Social Media as a Platform for Increasing Knowledge of Lung Cancer Screening in High-Risk Patients" (2020). Nursing Faculty Publications. 47.