Date of Award

1985

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Ocean/Earth/Atmos Sciences

Program/Concentration

Geology

Committee Director

Dennis A. Darby

Committee Member

Randall Spencer

Committee Member

Richard Whittecar

Abstract

In southeastern Virginia one to two discontinuous boulder layers occur at the base of the Pleistocene Norfolk Formation. The sediments, heavy minerals and microfossils within the boulder layers in addition to boulder lithologies, dimensions and orientations were studied to determine the origin of these layers. These data indicate the boulder layers were separated into two similar yet distinct layers.

The ancestral James River with sea-level 100 meters lower than today probably had the capacity to entrain 70-80 percent of the clasts in the boulder layers, but probably not the capacity to entrain the larger cobbles and boulders in the boulder layers. Winter river-ice rafting might provide a possible means of transporting the larger and angular clasts from the Blue Ridge and Piedmont Provinces to the boulder layers in southeastern Virginia. Reproduced

DOI

10.25777/tymc-zm82

Included in

Geology Commons

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