Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2016

DOI

10.1021/acs.jproteome.6b00239

Publication Title

Journal of Proteome Research

Volume

15

Issue

8

Pages

2697-2705

Abstract

In principle, tandem mass spectrometry can be used to detect and quantify the peptides present in a microbiome sample, enabling functional and taxonomic insight into microbiome metabolic activity. However, the phylogenetic diversity constituting a particular microbiome is often unknown, and many of the organisms present may not have assembled genomes. In ocean microbiome samples, with particularly diverse and uncultured bacterial communities, it is difficult to construct protein databases that contain the bulk of the peptides in the sample without losing detection sensitivity due to the overwhelming number of candidate peptides for each tandem mass spectrum. We describe a method for deriving "metapeptides" (short amino acid sequences that may be represented in multiple organisms) from shotgun metagenomic sequencing of microbiome samples. In two ocean microbiome samples, we constructed site-specific metapeptide databases to detect more than one and a half times as many peptides as by searching against predicted genes from an assembled metagenome and roughly three times as many peptides as by searching against the NCBI environmental proteome database. The increased peptide yield has the potential to enrich the taxonomic and functional characterization of sample metaproteomes.

Comments

NOTE: This is the author's manuscript version of a work that was published in Journal of Proteome Research. The final version was published as:

May, D. H., Timmins-Schiffman, E., Mikan, M. P., Haryey, H. R., Borenstein, E., Nunn, B. L., & Noble, W. S. (2016). An alignment-free "metapeptide" strategy for metaproteomic characterization of microbiome samples using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. Journal of Proteome Research, 15(8), 2697-2705. doi:10.1021/acs.jproteome.6b00239

Original Publication Citation

May, D. H., Timmins-Schiffman, E., Mikan, M. P., Haryey, H. R., Borenstein, E., Nunn, B. L., & Noble, W. S. (2016). An alignment-free "metapeptide" strategy for metaproteomic characterization of microbiome samples using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. Journal of Proteome Research, 15(8), 2697-2705. doi:10.1021/acs.jproteome.6b00239

ORCID

0000-0002-5923-9863 (Mikan), 0000-0001-7746-7758 (Harvey)

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