Marine Ecology Progress Series
The abundance of 4 levels of the lower Chesapeake Bay food chain (Chlorophyll a, herbivores, ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, and Scyphomedusa Chrysaora quinquecirrha) were monitored twice weekly at 4 stations from May 10 through Sep 30, 1982 in the Lafayette and Elizabeth Rivers (Virginia). The herbivore standing stock, largely copepods, declined sharply in late May when M. Jeidyi appeared, but rebounded a month later when C. quinquecirrha medusae reduced the ctenophore population. Despite the additional presence of Aurelia aurita (Scyphomedusa) from Jul onward, herbivore abundance remained at moderate levels until the end of the study period. Phytoplankton abundance fluctuated and may have been responsible for brief periods of food shortage; however, the major periods of low herbivore abundance do not seem to have been kept low by food limitation. M. Jeidyi made a modest resurgence in late Aug when the C. quinquecirrha population underwent its seasonal decline. Our data suggest that C. quinquecirrha contributes to the secondary productivity of the lower Chesapeake Bay by controlling M. leidyi during summer.
Original Publication Citation
Feigenbaum, D., & Kelly, M. (1984). Changes in the lower Chesapeake Bay food-chain in presence of the sea nettle Chrysaora-quinquecirrha (Scyphomedusa). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 19(1-2), 39-47. doi:10.3354/meps019039
Feigenbaum, David and Kelly, Michael, "Changes in the Lower Chesapeake Bay Food-Chain in Presence of the Sea Nettle Chrysaora-quinquecirrha (Scyphomedusa)" (1984). OES Faculty Publications. 334.