Radiocarbon ((14)C) in the world's oceans increased sharply between 1950 and 1970 as a result of the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. Through comparison with the (14)C time series reconstructed from atmospheric measurements and marine carbonates, Kalish, in 1993, used the (14)C concentration measured in fish otolith cores as a means of confirming the annulus-based age estimates for some South Pacific fish species. Here we report the pre-and postbomb (14)C chronology of North Atlantic adult black drum (Pogonias cronis), assumed to be between 15 and 42 yr of age on the basis of otolith annulus counts. According to accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) assays, (14)C in otolith cores in creased sharply between 1958 and 1964, with a timing and magnitude which was very similar to that of the atmospheric bomb (14)C signal. The correspondence between the two (14)C chronologies indicates that the annulus-based age assignments were accurate on average to within 1-3 yr. Differences between the black drum Delta(14)C chronology and that of other marine carbonates in the North Atlantic are explained by the estuarine habitat of young-of-the-year black drum and by the fact that estuarine Delta(14)C values more closely reflect atmospheric values than surface ocean values. At present, there is no other age-validation technique that can confirm the absolute age of long-lived fish species with comparable levels of accuracy.
Original Publication Citation
Campana, S.E., & Jones, C.M. (1998). Radiocarbon from nuclear testing applied to age validation of black drum, Pogonias cromis. Fishery Bulletin, 96(2), 185-192.
Campana, Steven E. and Jones, Cynthia M., "Radiocarbon From Nuclear Testing Applied to Age Validation of Black Drum, Pogonias cromis" (1998). OEAS Faculty Publications. 37.