Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Marine Ecology Progress Series






Seagrasses account for approximately 10% of the total carbon stored in the ocean, although photosynthesis of seagrasses is carbon-limited at present oceanic pH levels. Therefore, increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration, which results in ocean acidification/carbonation, is predicted to have a positive impact on seagrass productivity. Previous studies have confirmed the positive influence of increasing CO2 on photosynthesis and survival of the temperate eelgrass Zostera marina, but the acclimation of photoprotective mechanisms in this context has not been characterized. We aimed to quantify the long-term impacts of ocean acidification on photochemical control mechanisms that promote photosynthesis while simultaneously protecting eelgrass from photodamage. Eelgrass were grown in controlled outdoor aquaria at different aqueous CO2 concentrations ranging from ~50 to ~2100 μM from May 2013 to October 2014 and examined for differences in leaf optical properties. Even with daily and seasonal variations of temperature and light, CO2 enrichment consistently increased plant size, leaf thickness and chlorophyll use efficiency, and decreased pigment content and the package effect while maintaining similar light-harvesting efficiency. These acclimation responses suggest that a common photosynthetic sensory function, such as redox regulation, can be manipulated by CO2 availability, as well as light, and may serve to optimize photosynthetic carbon gain by seagrasses into the Anthropocene.


Copyright © 2021 Inter-Research.

Version of record under embargo until five years after publication.

Original Publication Citation

Celebi-Ergin, B., Zimmerman, R. C., & Hill, V. J. (2021). Impact of ocean carbonation on long-term regulation of light harvesting in eelgrass Zostera marina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 671, 111-128.


0000-0002-9949-1617 (Ergin), 0000-0002-9399-4264 (Zimmerman)

Available for download on Wednesday, August 05, 2026


Article Location