Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2022

DOI

10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117841

Publication Title

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Volume

598

Pages

117841 (1-11)

Abstract

Sedimentary microbial communities play a critical role in the global carbon cycle, oxidizing deposited organic carbon and thus influencing the type of carbon buried from Earth's surface. The rate of microbial metabolism within sedimentary microbial communities is often linked to the lability and amount of organic carbon deposited. Here we show that, in pure culture, for sulfate-reducing bacteria (Desulfovibrio bizertensis) the rate of microbial sulfate reduction is a function of the proportion of clay minerals present in the incubation vials. We argue that the presence of clay minerals stimulates the growth of the sulfate-reducing bacteria and the rate at which sulfate is consumed; we conclude that this is not linked to nutrients and carbon on the clay minerals but rather is a function of the high specific surface area of clay minerals. We further use a global compilation of sedimentary pore fluid data to demonstrate that these observations can be seen in marine sediments, that is pore fluid sulfate concentration gradients in marine sediments correlate with the percentage of clay minerals in the sediment. Our findings suggest that sediment mineralogy influences the rate of microbial activity in marine sediments, which has heretofore not been considered.

Comments

© 2022 The Authors.

Published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

Original Publication Citation

Lin, C. Y., Bradbury, H. J., Antler, G., Burdige, D. J., Bennett, T. D., Li, S., & Turchyn, A. V. (2022). Sediment mineralogy influences the rate of microbial sulfate reduction in marine sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 598, 1-11, Article 117841. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117841

ORCID

0000-0002-8859-7096 (Burdige)

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