Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines
What child could perform such an impossible feat? Arik Geshé Chenmo Jampa Öser’s (A rig dge bshes chen mo Byams pa ’od zer, 1728-1803) 2 trenchant last testament chided his disciples for imploring him to reincarnate, yet he did not deride the tulku institution itself. In his autobiography, the Sixth Tséten Zhabdrung, Jikmé Rikpai Lodrö (Tshe tan zhabs drung ’Jigs med rigs pa’i blo gros, 1910-1985) retold Arik Geshé’s story with a similar didactic purpose, in order to analytically expound “the Tibetan-Mongol system of reincarnation.”3 Yet when Arik Geshé’s incisive words were re-employed for a twentieth century audience, the socio-political cornerstones of the tulku institution had undergone dramatic restructuring.
Original Publication Citation
Willock, N. (2017). The revival of the Tulku Institution: Narratives and practices in modern China. Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines, 38, 183-201.
Willock, Nicole, "The Revival of the Tulku Institution in Modern China: Narratives and Practices" (2017). Philosophy Faculty Publications. 54.