Date of Award

Spring 1984

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics

Program/Concentration

Applied Physics

Committee Director

Govind S. Khandelwal

Committee Member

Gary E. Copeland

Committee Member

Gilbert Hoy

Committee Member

James L. Cox, Jr.

Committee Member

John W. Wilson

Abstract

A modified local plasma model based on the work of Linhard-Winther, Bethe, Brown, and Walske is established. The Gordon-Kim's molecular charged density model is employed to obtain a formula to evaluate the stopping power of many useful molecular systems. The stopping power of H2 and He gas was calculated for incident proton energy ranging from 100 KeV to 2.5 MeV. The stopping power of O2, N2 and water vapor was also calculated for incident proton energy ranging from 40 keV to 2.5 MeV. Good agreement with experimental data was obtained.

A discussion of molecular effects leading to departure from Bragg's rule was presented in this thesis. The equipartition rule and the effect of nuclear momentum recoiling in stopping power are also discussed in the appendix. The calculational procedure presented in this thesis hopefully can easily be extended to include the most useful organic systems such as the molecules composed of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen which are useful in radiation protection field.

DOI

10.25777/9428-ta52

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