Date of Award

Spring 5-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Accelerator Science

Committee Director

Geoffrey Krafft

Committee Member

Joseph Grames

Committee Member

Moskov Amaryan

Committee Member

Helmut Baumgart

Committee Member

Jean Delayen


One of the biggest obstacles to operating a GaAs polarized electron source with a long charge lifetime is the mitigation of ion back-bombardment. Several techniques exist to either clear ions from the accelerator or to mitigate ion damage of the photocathode. Predicting the effectiveness of these techniques requires sophisticated simulation models of electron impact ionization within the photo-gun. In this work, the effectiveness of applying a positive anode bias voltage to mitigate ion damage and increase the charge lifetime of the GaAs photocathode was studied over three run periods at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab (JLab). The charge lifetime with the biased anode configuration was 1.80±0.51 times longer than the lifetime of the usual grounded anode configuration. Simulations of ionization within the CEBAF photo-gun and adjacent beamline were made using General Particle Tracer (GPT) and a new C++ custom element to predict and explain the substantial improvement in charge lifetime. The experimental results and the development of the ionization custom element, with its use in simulations of ion back-bombardment with the biased anode, are described in detail.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).







Included in

Physics Commons