Date of Award

Fall 12-2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Accelerator Science

Committee Director

Geoffrey A. Kraft

Committee Member

Fanglei Lin

Committee Member

Jean R Delayen

Committee Member

Desmond Cook

Committee Member

Hani Elsayed-Ali


Collider experiments demand small beam emittances in order to achieve high luminosity. For light particles such as electrons, there exists a natural synchrotron radiation damping resulting in low emittance beams at equilibrium. In the case of heavy particle beams such as proton or ion beams, there is no significant synchrotron radiation damping effect and some cooling mechanism is needed to get to low emittance beams. A dual energy storage ring cooler is a novel concept proposed to cool hadron beams at higher energies. The design consists of two rings: a low energy ring and a high energy ring connected by the energy recovering linac (ERL) that provides the necessary energy difference. The low energy ring has an electron cooler where the cooling interaction takes place between the electron and hadron beams whereas electron beam going through the high energy ring undergoes synchrotron radiation damping. In this document, we present a possible design of a dual energy storage ring-based electron cooler for high energy proton beam cooling suitable for the Electron Ion Collider (EIC) to be built at Brookhaven National laboratory (BNL). A special feature of a dual energy storage ring cooler design is that the electron beam energy in the low energy section must be tuned to match the hadron beam velocity in the cooling section, and the electron beam energy in the high energy section is chosen to provide an adequate synchrotron radiation damping. In addition, the ring optics design is carried out considering chromaticity correction, dynamic aperture, momentum aperture, beam lifetime, radiation damping and the intrabeam scattering effect. Finally, the cooling performance is simulated for 275 GeV proton beams at the top energy of the EIC. In such a collider it is desirable to cool the hadron beams to balance the emittance growth rates due to intra-beam scattering (IBS) to maintain a high luminosity during the collision runs. In such a situation, a dual energy storage ring based cooler could be a practical approach to be used for hadron beam cooling.


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Copyright, 2022, by Bhawin Dhital, All Rights Reserved.