Date of Award

Summer 2000

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Physics

Committee Director

Rocco Schiavilla

Committee Member

Mark Havey

Committee Member

Sebastian Kuhn

Committee Member

Anatoly Radyushkin

Committee Member

Nancy Xu

Abstract

This work reports results for (i) the elastic electromagnetic form factors of the trinucleons; (ii) the nuclear response functions of interest in [ee'] experiments, at excitation energies below the deuteron breakup threshold; (iii) the astrophysical S-factor for proton weak capture on 3He (the hep reaction). The initial and final state wave functions are calculated using the correlated hyperspherical harmonics method, from a realistic Hamiltonian consisting of the Argonne v18 two-nucleon and Urbana IX three-nucleon interactions. The nuclear electroweak charge and current operators include one- and many-body components. The predicted magnetic form factor of 3H, charge form factors and static properties of both 3H and 3He, are in satisfactory agreement with the experimental data. However, the position of the zero in the magnetic form factor of 3He is underpredicted by theory. The calculated nuclear response functions in 3He electrodisintegration at threshold are in good agreement with the experimental data, which have however rather large errors. Finally, the astrophysical S-factor for the hep reaction is predicted ≈ 4.5 larger than the value adopted in the standard-solar-model, with important consequences for the solar neutrino spectrum measured by the Super-Kamiokande collaboration.

DOI

10.25777/5n5r-7213

ISBN

9780599754652

Included in

Nuclear Commons

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