Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Physical Review C






014901 (1-9)


This paper reports results for directed flow v1 and elliptic flow v2 of charged particles in Cu + Cu collisions at √ˢᶰᶰ = 22.4 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The measurements are for the 0-60% most central collisions, using charged particles observed in the STAR detector. Our measurements extend to 22.4-GeV Cu + Cu collisions the prior observation that v1 is independent of the system size at 62.4 and 200 GeV and also extend the scaling of v1 with η/ybeam to this system. The measured v2pT in Cu + Cu collisions is similar for root √ˢᶰᶰ throughout the range 22.4 to 200 GeV. We also report a comparison with results from transport model (ultrarelativistic quantum molecular dynamics and multiphase transport model) calculations. The model results do not agree quantitatively with the measured v1(η), v2pT, and v2(η).


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Original Publication Citation

Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alakhverdyants, A. V., Alekseev, I., Alford, J., . . . Zhu, X. (2012). Directed and elliptic flow of charged particles in Cu + Cu collisions at √ˢᶰᶰ=22.4 GeV. Physical Review C, 85(1), 014901. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.85.014901

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