Physical Review C
055201 (21 pages)
We present the final results for the deuteron spin structure functions obtained from the full data set collected in 2000–2001 with Jefferson Lab's continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) using the CEBAF large acceptance spectrometer (CLAS). Polarized electrons with energies of 1.6, 2.5, 4.2, and 5.8 GeV were scattered from deuteron (15ND3 ) targets, dynamically polarized along the beam direction, and detected with CLAS. From the measured double-spin asymmetry, the virtual photon absorption asymmetry Ad1 and the polarized structure function gd1 were extracted over a wide kinematic range (0.05GeV2 < Q2 < 5GeV2 and 0.9 GeV < W < 3GeV ). We use an unfolding procedure and a parametrization of the corresponding proton results to extract from these data the polarized structure functions An1 and gn1 of the (bound) neutron, which are so far unknown in the resonance region, W < 2 GeV. We compare our final results, including several moments of the deuteron and neutron spin structure functions, with various theoretical models and expectations, as well as parametrizations of the world data. The unprecedented precision and dense kinematic coverage of these data can aid in future extractions of polarized parton distributions, tests of perturbative QCD predictions for the quark polarization at large x , a better understanding of quark-hadron duality, and more precise values for higher-twist matrix elements in the framework of the operator product expansion.
Original Publication Citation
The CLAS Collaboration, Guler, N., Fersch, R. G., Kuhn, S. E., Bosted, P., Griffioen, K. A., . . . Zonta, I. (2015). Precise determination of the deuteron spin structure at low to moderate Q² with CLAS and extraction of the neutron contribution. Physical Review C, 92(5), 055201. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.055201
0000-0003-2243-6836 (Kuhn), 0000-0001-7282-8120 (Hyde),0000-0001-5416-2900 (Weinstein)
The CLAS Collaboration; Guler, N.; Kuhn, S E.; Prok, Y.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Amaryan, M. J.; El Fassi, L.; Hyde, C. E.; Klein, A.; Weinstein, L. B.; and Zhao, Z. W., "Precise Determination of the Deuteron Spin Structure at Low to Moderate Q² with CLAS and Extraction of the Neutron Contribution" (2015). Physics Faculty Publications. 224.