Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Journal of High Energy Physics




007 (43 pg.)


In this work, we use an extension of the quantization condition, given in ref. [1], to numerically explore the finite-volume spectrum of three relativistic particles, in the case that two-particle subsets are either resonant or bound. The original form of the relativistic three-particle quantization condition was derived under a technical assumption on the two-particle K matrix that required the absence of two-particle bound states or narrow two-particle resonances. Here we describe how this restriction can be lifted in a simple way using the freedom in the definition of the K-matrix-like quantity that enters the quantization condition. With this in hand, we extend previous numerical studies of the quantization condition to explore the finite-volume signature for a variety of two- and three-particle interactions. We determine the spectrum for parameters such that the system contains both dimers (two-particle bound states) and one or more trimers (in which all three particles are bound), and also for cases where the two-particle subchannel is resonant. We also show how the quantization condition provides a tool for determining infinite-volume dimer-particle scattering amplitudes for energies below the dimer breakup. We illustrate this for a series of examples, including one that parallels physical deuteron-nucleon scattering. All calculations presented here are restricted to the case of three identical scalar particles.


Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

© The Authors. Article funded by SCOAP3.

Original Publication Citation

Romero-Lopez, F., Sharpe, S. R., Blanton, T. D., Briceno, R. A., & Hansen, M. T. (2019). Numerical exploration of three relativistic particles in a finite volume including two-particle resonances and bound states. Journal of High Energy Physics(10), 007. doi:10.1007/jhep10(2019)007


0000-0003-1109-1473 (Briceño)