Physical Review Special Topics- Accelerators and Beams
Accelerator performance, in particular the average accelerating field and the cavity quality factor, depends on the physical and chemical characteristics of the superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavity surface. Plasma based surface modification provides an excellent opportunity to eliminate nonsuperconductive pollutants in the penetration depth region and to remove the mechanically damaged surface layer, which improves the surface roughness. Here we show that the plasma treatment of bulk niobium (Nb) presents an alternative surface preparation method to the commonly used buffered chemical polishing and electropolishing methods. We have optimized the experimental conditions in the microwave glow discharge system and their influence on the Nb removal rate on flat samples. We have achieved an etching rate of 1.7 μm/min using only 3% chlorine in the reactive mixture. Combining a fast etching step with a moderate one, we have improved the surface roughness without exposing the sample surface to the environment. We intend to apply the optimized experimental conditions to the preparation of single cell cavities, pursuing the improvement of their rf performance.
Original Publication Citation
Raskovic, M., Upadhyay, J., Vuskovic, L., Popovic, S., Valente-Feliciano, A. M., & Phillips, L. (2010). Plasma treatment of bulk niobium surface for superconducting rf cavities: Optimization of the experimental conditions on flat samples. Physical Review Special Topics-Accelerators and Beams, 13(11), 112001. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.13.112001
0000-0002-7202-7283 (Vuskovic), 0000-0002-3668-4841 (Popovic)
Rašković, M.; Upadhyay, J.; Vuskovic, L.; Popovic, S.; Valente-Feliciano, A.-M.; and Phillips, L., "Plasma Treatment of Bulk Niobium Surface for Superconducting RF Cavities: Optimization of the Experimental Conditions on Flat Samples" (2010). Physics Faculty Publications. 46.