Chinese Physics C
Dihadron azimuthal correlations containing a high transverse momentum (pT) trigger particle are sensitive to the properties of the nuclear medium created at RHIC through the strong interactions occurring between the traversing parton and the medium, i.e. jet-quenching. Previous measurements revealed a strong modification to dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au+Au collisions with respect to p+p and d+Au collisions. The modification increases with the collision centrality, suggesting a path-length or energy density dependence to the jet-quenching effect. This paper reports STAR measurements of dihadron azimuthal correlations in mid-central (20%-60%) Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV as a function of the trigger particle's azimuthal angle relative to the event plane, ϕs = |ϕt - ψEP| .The azimuthal correlation is studied as a function of both the trigger and associated particle pT. The subtractions of the combinatorial background and anisotropic flow, assuming Zero Yield At Minimum (ZYAM), are described. The correlation results are first discussed with subtraction of the even harmonic (elliptic and quadrangular) flow backgrounds. The away-side correlation is strongly modified, and the modification varies with ϕs, with a double-peak structure for out-of-plane trigger particles. The near-side ridge (long range pseudo-rapidity Δη correlation) appears to drop with increasing ϕs while the jet-like component remains approximately constant. The correlation functions are further studied with the subtraction of odd harmonic triangular flow background arising from fluctuations. It is found that the triangular flow, while responsible for the majority of the amplitudes, is not sufficient to explain the ϕs-dependence of the ridge or the away-side double-peak structure. The dropping ridge with ϕs, could be attributed to a ϕs-dependent elliptic anisotropy; however, the physics mechanism of the ridge remains an open question. Even with a ϕs-dependent elliptic flow, the away-side correlation structure is robust. These results, with extensive systematic studies of the dihadron correlations as a function of ϕs, trigger and associated particle pT, and the pseudo-rapidity range Δη, should provide stringent inputs to help understand the underlying physics mechanisms of jet-medium interactions in high energy nuclear collisions.
Original Publication Citation
Agakishiev, H., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Bueltmann, S., Koralt, I., Plyku, D., et al., STAR Collaboration (2021). Measurements of dihadron correlations relative to the event plane in Au plus Au collisions at √SNN= 200 GeV. Chinese Physics C, 45(4), 1-44, Article 044002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/abdf3f
Agakishiev, H.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Bueltmann, S.; Koralt, I.; Plyku, D.; et al.; and STAR Collaboration, "Measurements of Dihadron Correlations Relative to the Event Plane in Au Plus Au Collisions at √SNN= 200 GeV" (2021). Physics Faculty Publications. 497.