Document Type


Publication Date




Publication Title

Physical Review C






045205 (1-22)


Inclusive electron scattering off the deuteron has been measured to extract the deuteron structure function F2 with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The measurement covers the entire resonance region from the quasielastic peak up to the invariant mass of the final-state hadronic system W similar or equal to 2.7 GeV with four-momentum transfers Q2 from 0.4 to 6 (GeV/c)2. These data are complementary to previous measurements of the proton structure function F2 and cover a similar two-dimensional region of Q2 and Bjorken variable x. Determination of the deuteron F2 over a large x interval including the quasielastic peak as a function of Q2, together with the other world data, permit a direct evaluation of the structure function moments for the first time. By fitting the Q2 evolution of these moments with an OPE-based twist expansion we have obtained a separation of the leading twist and higher twist terms. The observed Q2 behavior of the higher twist contribution suggests a partial cancelation of different higher twists entering into the expansion with opposite signs. This cancelation, found also in the proton moments, is a manifestation of the "duality" phenomenon in the F2 structure function.


© 2006 American Physical Society

"Yes, the author or the author's employer may use all or part of the APS published article, including the APS-prepared version (e.g., the PDF from the online journal) without revision or modification, on the author's or employer's website as long as a fee is not charged. If a fee is charged, then APS permission must be sought. In all cases, the appropriate bibliographic citation and notice of the APS copyright must be included."

Publisher's version available at:

Original Publication Citation

Osipenko, M., Ricco, G., Simula, S. ... Yun, J., Zana, L., Zhang, J. (CLAS Collaboration) (2006). Measurement of the deuteron structure function F₂ in the resonance region and evaluation of its moments. Physical Review C, 73(4), 1-22, Article 045205.


0000-0003-1582-2376 (Dodge), 0000-0001-7282-8120 (Hyde-Wright), 0000-0003-2243-6836 (Kuhn), 0000-0001-5416-2900 (Weinstein)