Physical Review D
In this study, we present a determination of the unpolarized gluon Ioffe-time distribution in the nucleon from a first principles lattice quantum chromodynamics calculation. We carry out the lattice calculation on a 323 × 64 ensemble with a pion mass of 358 MeV and lattice spacing of 0.094 fm. We construct the nucleon interpolating fields using the distillation technique, flow the gauge fields using the gradient flow, and solve the summed generalized eigenvalue problem to determine the gluonic matrix elements. Combining these techniques allows us to provide a statistically well-controlled Ioffe-time distribution and unpolarized gluon parton distribution function. We obtain the flow time independent reduced Ioffe-time pseudodistribution and calculate the light-cone Ioffe-time distribution and unpolarized gluon distribution function in the MS scheme at μ = 2 GeV, neglecting the mixing of the gluon operator with the quark singlet sector. Finally, we compare our results to phenomenological determinations.
Original Publication Citation
Khan, T., Sufian, R. S., Karpie, J., Monahan, C. J., Egerer, C., Joo, B., et al. (2021). Unpolarized gluon distribution in the nucleon from lattice quantum chromodynamics. Physical Review D, 104(9), 1-19, Article 094516. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.094516
Khan, Tanjib; Sufian, Raza Sabbir; Karpie, Joseph; Monahan, Christopher J.; Egerer, Colin; Joó, Bálint; Morris, Wayne; Orginos, Kostas; Radyushkin, Anatoly; Richards, David G.; Romero, Eloy; Zafeiropoulos, Savvas; and On behalf of the HadStruc Collaboration, "Unpolarized Gluon Distribution in the Nucleon From Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics" (2021). Physics Faculty Publications. 554.