Physical Review Research
We investigated the nonlinear Meissner effect (NLME) in Nb3Sn thin-film coplanar resonators by measuring the resonance frequency as a function of a parallel magnetic field at different temperatures. We used low rf power probing in films thinner than the London penetration depth λ(B) to significantly increase the field onset of vortex penetration and measure the NLME under equilibrium conditions. Contrary to the conventional quadratic increase of λ(B) with B expected in s-wave superconductors, we observed a nearly linear increase of the penetration depth with B. We concluded that this behavior of λ(B) is due to weak linked grain boundaries in our polycrystalline Nb3Sn films, which can mimic the NLME expected in a clean d-wave superconductor.
Original Publication Citation
Makita, J., Sundahl, C., Ciovati, G., Eom, C., & Gurevich, A. (2022). Nonlinear Meissner effect in Nb3Sn coplanar resonators. Physical Review Research 4(1) 1-12, Article 013156. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.013156
Makita, Junki; Sundahl, C.; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Eom, C. B.; and Gurevich, Alex, "Nonlinear Meissner Effect in Nb3Sn Coplanar Resonators" (2022). Physics Faculty Publications. 570.